This guide shows you how to configure Windows Server 2012 Application Server role and Web Server (IIS) role. It's required by SharePoint 2013 but can also be achieved using the SharePoint 2013 prerequisites installer.
This way you see what’s which Roles and Features are actually required.
Windows Server 2012 Configuration
Web Server (IIS) role and Application Server role including .NET Framework 4.5
Open Server Manager and click to ‘Add Roles and Features’.
Select the role-based or feature-based installation.
Select a server from the server pool where you want to configure both roles.
Select the ‘Application Server’ role.
Select the ‘Web Server (IIS)’ role. Add required features.
Skip the feature selection dialog and proceed to the role services dialog.
Select the features from the screenshot and add required features if prompted.
Again check the features fro the screenshot and add required features if prompted.
After you have added all features review your configuration and click install.
IE Enhanced Security Configuration
If your are going to create a development environment and want to open e.g. Central Administration directly from your server you should disable IE Enhanced Security Configuration using Server Manager.
Step 6: SharePoint 2013 Installation
SharePoint 2013 Windows Server Configuration